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Tusche, tone and stone: 19th C. news illustration



Bernard Gillam: Judge compares itself to Puck on the Labor Question
Judge, August 20,1892 coverselect image to enlarge
This Judge cover, with its reference to Puck illustrates the different viewpoints of the two journals and the political parties they supported: Judge supported the Republicans (and protective tariffs) versus the Free Trade stance of the Democrats and Puck Magazine.

THERE IS GOING TO BE A "KNOCK-OUT." The only question is, who will do the knocking?

Cleveland's boxing gloves are Pauper Wages and Free Trade; a quote from Puck is posted on the wall: "There has been too much nonsensical coddling of the honest workingman. He seems to have got the notion that there is something holy about him because he works with his hands. THIS RUBBISH OUGHT TO BE KNOCKED OUT OF HIM." 'Puck' Aug 3 92 Democratic organ.
In the 1892 election campaign, Democrat Grover Cleveland ran against incumbent Republican Benjamin Harrison. Cleveland would emerge the winner in this election, for a second, non-consecutive term. His running mate, Adlai E. Stevenson, was the namesake of a grandson who would also enter public life, most visibly in an unsuccessful Presidential campaign in 1952.

Protective tariffs were a recurring political issue in the 19th Century, and the campaign of 1892 was no exception. High tariffs (taxes on imported materials or products) protected large manufacturers, and were usually supported by Republicans; no import tariffs, the equivalent of "Free Trade" was the position taken by many small farmers, small businesses and most laboring consumers.

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