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Franco's Black Spain
Drawings by Luis Quintanilla; commentary by Richard Watts, Jr.

Franco's Black Spain pages 17-18


Out of the deepest pit of hypocrisy in Franco's Black Spain came the ignorance, savagery, and corruption that goes under the name of religion, but has in actuality seized upon a great and historic faith and turned it into a cruel parody of itself. Thousands of devout Catholics, knowing that their faith was not bound up with the social and political reaction which had proclaimed itself the Spanish manifestation of their religion, fought on the side of the Republic -- particularly among the Basques, where priests battled side by side with laymen. It was their conviction to the death that the name and spirit of their Church had been perverted by a brutal and stupid oligarchy that kept the people in poverty and ignorance for its own material interest, while it hypocritically talked about a Christianity it never practiced or understood.


The man who apparently claims the distinction of giving to the world an expression that stands high in modern infamy. It is this General Mola, late leader of the fanatical soldiers from medieval Navarre, who is credited with telling his followers as they approached Madrid: "Four of our columns are attacking the capital and within it a fifth column is waiting to rise against the Republic when we give the word." It was more than a hint of the Quislings to come, and might conceivably have served as a valuable warning in the Second World War that was soon to succeed its doomed prologue. The men of Navarre, incidentally, have a certain distinction of their own. Even Black Spain looks upon them as reactionaries.