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Tusche, tone and stone: 19th C. news illustration

to Tammany

Labor and Civil Rights in Puck

In both magazines, the use of ethnic and racial stereotypes was common, and commonly accepted, along with dialect jokes. Puck, and especially Judge, were humor magazines. In addition to poking fun at political figures, who were almost always white, male, Anglo-Saxon Protestants, the a-political humor often relied on stereotyping characters who weren't: Irish and Chinese immigrants; African- and native-Americans, and women who sought the right to vote.

Keppler's 1880 views on Lawyers, Divorce and Women

Keppler's (and Puck's) Changing views on Labor

Right: James Albert Wales on Chinese immigration

C. J. Taylor on Irish immigration